In the United States, preemption is a legal doctrine that allows upper levels of government to restrict or even prevent a lower-level government from self-regulating. While it is most often thought of in the context of the federal government’s preemption of states, preemption is increasingly being used as a tool by states to limit cities, counties and other lower-level municipalities from legislating across a broad array of issues.
CityHealth uses policy surveillance conducted by CPHLR staff members, and a rating tool powered by MonQcle to rank 40 of the largest US cities across nine policy domains. The site, which is maintained by the de Beaumont Foundation and Kaiser Permanente, is popular among city lawmakers, and has been influential in supporting evidence-based policy change among the cities it ranks.
The site currently displays 2021 rankings for the 40 largest US cities.
This dataset, which is published to the Prescription Drug Abuse Policy System (PDAPS.org) is longitudinal and displays key features of state commercial insurance and Medicaid coverage laws related to medication for opioid use disorder (MOUD) across all 50 states and the District of Columbia, in effect between August 1, 2017 and August 1, 2020.
This dataset, which is published to the Prescription Drug Abuse Policy System (PDAPS.org), is cross-sectional and displays key features of licensing requirements related to medications for opioid use disorder (MOUD) treatment for facilities and providers across all 50 states and the District of Columbia in effect as of August 1, 2020.
The Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) is a tax benefit for working people with low to moderate income regulated at the state and federal-level. The credit incentivizes work and reduces poverty for individuals and families by establishing credits that apply to an individual’s tax liability, with any excess potentially awarded as a cash refund. Studies of EITC laws have shown health improvements associated with the credits, most significantly among single mothers and children.
Roads in the United States are rarely developed with consideration for users other than motorists. This can result in dangerous conditions for pedestrians, bicyclists and users of public transit. Complete Streets policies seek to create safer roads by designing them to balance the needs and priorities of all users. These users typically include motorists, pedestrians, bicyclists and transit users. Complete Streets are often implemented through state or local transportation policies, state laws and regulations, or city ordinances.
This map identifies and displays key features of state, county, and city-level laws governing the residential eviction process in 40 U.S. cities — the 10 largest cities in the four Census regions — in effect as of August 1, 2018.
Self-managed abortion has improved access to safe and effective abortions. While the practice is on the rise around the world, many countries impose significant legal restrictions on abortion access. These laws regulate various aspects of abortion, including: the grounds upon which individuals are permitted to obtain an abortion; who may provide an abortion; the tests that health professionals are required to administer before an abortion may be provided; and where an abortion is legally permitted to take place.