Evidence Library

Showing 10 of 185 results.
Tony Kuo, MD, MSHS •
Los Angeles County Department of Public Health

This study examined the extent of public awareness and use of school-based physical activity resources in Los Angeles County. Findings suggest that while a large percentage (57.7%) of people have access to school-based physical activity resources, only a portion (30.3%) use them.

Jennifer Pomeranz, JD, MPH •
New York University

This study examined the variability in state laws related to workplace wellness programs for public and private employers. It finds that 33 states and DC had laws related to workplace wellness programs in 2014. State laws varied greatly in their methods to encourage or shape wellness program requirements.

Access maps on LawAtlas.org that detail laws for public and private employers.

Wenjun Li, PhD •
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Cheryl Sbarra, JD •
Massachusetts Association of Health Boards, Inc.
Margaret Reid •
Boston Public Health Commission

A 2011 Boston regulation that set minimum pricing and packaging requirements has successfully reduced the availability of fruit-flavored cigars that were becoming increasingly popular among youth, according to a new study published in Tobacco Control.

Ronald Bayer, PhD •
The Trustees of Columbia University of the City of New York
Amy Fairchild, PhD •
The Trustees of Columbia University of the City of New York

In this Perspective for the New England Journal of Medicine the authors compare US and UK approaches to harm reduction, particularly as it applies to e-cigarette policy.

Richard Zimmerman, MD, MPH, MA •
University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health, Center for Public Health Practice
Chyongchiou Jeng Lin, PhD •
University of Pittsburgh

The study, published in the Journal of the National Medical Association, examines the relationship between state laws regulating flu vaccines for health care workers and the state-level immunization rates among health care workers between 2001-2011. Laws mandating flu vaccines for health care workers increase their vaccination rates, according to a new study.

Ameet Sarpatwari, JD, PhD •
Brigham and Women’s Hospital Inc.
Aaron Kesselheim, MD, JD, MPH •
Brigham & Women’s Hospital

While prescription drug brand names can increase medication name recognition by patients and help differentiate products, they can also confuse patients and reduce appropriate use of generic drugs. Given increased pressure to reduce drug costs and use medicines safely and effectively, can the prescription drug naming system be improved?

Scott Burris, JD •
Center for Public Health Law Research

“Legal epidemiology,” the scientific study of law as a factor in the cause, distribution, and prevention of disease in a population, is funded and conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), but the level of work and its distribution across the agency has not been assessed.

Denise Chrysler, JD •
Network for Public Health Law
Michelle Lewis, MD, JD •
Johns Hopkins University

The Legal Toolkit for Newborn Screening DBS provides state legislators and other policy-makers with a menu of options to consider as they develop policies related to the retention and secondary use of residual newborn screening dried blood samples (DBS).

Timothy Malloy, JD •
University of California, Los Angeles, School of Law

Regulators are implementing new programs that require manufacturers of products containing certain chemicals of concern to identify, evaluate, and adopt viable, safer alternatives. Such programs raise the difficult question for policymakers and regulated businesses of which alternatives are “viable” and “safer.” To address that question, these programs use “alternatives analysis,” an emerging methodology that integrates issues of human health and environmental effects with technical feasibility and economic impact.

Timothy Malloy, JD •
University of California, Los Angeles, School of Law

Emerging "prevention-based" approaches to chemical regulation seek to minimize the use of toxic chemicals by mandating or directly incentivizing the adoption of viable safer alternative chemicals or processes. California and Maine are beginning to implement such programs, requiring manufacturers of consumer products containing certain chemicals of concern to identify and evaluate potential safer alternatives. This article identifies an integrated set of design principles for regulatory alternatives analysis, and illustrates the application of those principles.