Evidence Library

Showing 10 of 150 results.
Jennifer Karas Montez, PhD •
Syracuse University

The United States currently ranks last among high‑income countries for life expectancy. Since 2014, U.S. life expectancy has declined. By now, these alarming trends are well known to researchers, the public, and policymakers. Nevertheless, there is no consensus among researchers on the causes of the trends, and there has been no serious and effective bipartisan effort to solve the problem. The dominant narrative has implicated Americans’ behaviors, such as smoking, illicit drug use, and suicide; yet, this narrative is misguided and counterproductive.

 
Michelle Mello, JD, PhD •
Harvard University

This essay reflects on 10 years of legal epidemiology, and projects a research agenda for the next decade of work. Mello describes the innovations behind measuring the law, testing its effects, and disseminating discoveries. The essay was adapted from Mello's keynote address at the Center's 10th anniversary symposium in September 2019.

 
Shelley Hearne, DrPH •
CityHealth
Katrina Forrest, JD •
CityHealth

Policy is a powerful tool that can improve health and wellbeing by addressing specific risks or impacting social conditions that are drivers of health and quality of life. But governmental policies can vary immensely from one jurisdiction to another. Surveillance of policies at the local level can help facilitate evidence‑based policy adoption between cities, states, and beyond. This essay highlights the CityHealth model, which has successfully influenced policy change by illuminating the quality and quantity of nine key city policies in the forty most populous U.S. metropolitan areas.

 
Colleen Barbero •
US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Lindsay Cloud, Esq •
Center for Public Health Law Research
Lance Gable •
Wayne State University
Siobhan Gilchrest •
US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Bethany Saxon •
Center for Public Health Law Research

This special supplement of the Journal of Public Health Management and Practice presents 13 original articles using theory and methods from the field of legal epidemiology. The supplement issue includes nine original research articles and four commentaries that explore the past, present, and future of the field.

The articles are:

 
Scott Burris, JD •
Center for Public Health Law Research
Evan Anderson, JD •
Center for Public Health Initiatives, University of Pennsylvania
Corey Davis, JD, MSPH •
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Leo Beletsky, JD, MPH •
Health in Justice Action Lab

A new Perspective article in the New England Journal of Medicine examines a recent decision by a Philadelphia judge to reject the argument that an overdose prevention site, called Safehouse, would violate the Controlled Substances Act.

The decision signals a move toward an approach to regulating drugs that minimizes both the harms of drugs and the harms caused by regulation itself – worthy goals all around, the authors write.

 
Angus Corbett •
University of Pennsylvania Law School

This draft memo, prepared by Angus Corbett, addresses the question of how local governments can enforce housing codes to enable low-income tenants to live in safe and healthy housing. It reviews the market for low-cost rental housing and provides an outline of the “dynamics” of this market. The memo identifies three models in use for enforcing housing codes: the “deterrence” model, the strategic code enforcement model and a meta-regulation model.

 
Scott Burris, JD •
Center for Public Health Law Research
Gene W. Matthews, J.D. •
North Carolina Institute for Public Health
Gary Gunderson, DMin, DDiv •
Wake Forest University
Edward Baker, MD, MPH •
North Carolina Institute for Public Health

Public health leaders are called to develop more effective messages that appeal to a broader range of “moral foundations” and also to the new millennial generation who represent the future of the public health workforce. In this column, the authors turn the focus from the tools we can use to craft persuasive messages to the virtues that can make us worthy of being heeded.

Watch a short video describing the Becoming Better Messangers initiative.

 
Abraham Gutman, MA •
Center for Public Health Law Research
Kathleen Moran-McCabe, JD •
Center for Public Health Law Research
Adrienne Ghorashi, Esq. •
Center for Public Health Law Research
Andrew Campbell, JD, MBA •
Center for Public Health Law Research
Lindsay Cloud, Esq •
Center for Public Health Law Research

This article introduces readers to policy surveillance as a method to create empirical legal datasets, using two examples from the field of housing law.

 
Abraham Gutman, MA •
Center for Public Health Law Research
Kathleen Moran-McCabe, JD •
Center for Public Health Law Research
Scott Burris, JD •
Center for Public Health Law Research

This article outlines 23 legal mechanisms, or levers, that may impact health equity in housing in the United States, and reviews the evidence base evaluating each lever.

The article introduces a model that divides the levers among five core domains intended to promote greater health equity in housing:

 

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