In "Mechanisms of Legal Effect: Procedural Justice Theory," Tom R. Tyler and Avita Mentovich provide researchers key theories from procedural justice which explain the influence of regulations and legitmacy on behavior. Procedural justice is the study of people’s subjective evaluations of the justice of procedures—whether they are fair or unfair, ethical or unethical, and otherwise accord with people’s standards of fair processes for social interaction and decision-making. The two key dimensions of procedural fairness judgments are fairness of decision making (voice, neutrality) and fairness of interpersonal treatment (trust, respect). Robust tools have been developed to measure procedural justice and have been used in important health research.

Author(s): Tom R. Tyler, Ph.D., Avital Mentovich