Heidi Grunwald was previously an assistant vice president for research and strategic initiatives at Temple University, overseeing the financial planning of the pre-award research portfolio including the offices of Technology Transfer and Clinical Trials. She was also involved in large-scale research development and worked as liaison to the vice president for government and public affairs as the primary contact for all Temple University federal earmark requests. Heidi is also currently the Director for the Institute for Survey Research at Temple University. Recent interests include the use of cross-classified hierarchical linear and propensity score models to examine quasi-experimental data on juvenile recidivism, and youth functional assessment scales. She holds a B.A. degree in mathematics, M.A. in mathematics education, M.S. in statistics and a Ph.D. from the University of Michigan in Higher Education Administration, Research, Evaluation and Assessment.