According to the CDC, since 1999 the number of opioid prescriptions have quadrupled. With a significant amount of those opioid prescriptions being written for acute pain or in emergency departments, some states have developed opioid prescribing guidelines for acute and emergency care to help avoid over prescribing. These guidelines are generally adopted by statutes, regulations, state department guidelines, and medical board guidelines.
This dataset examines statutes and regulations on the dispensing of a controlled substance by physicians, physician assistants, and nurse practitioners to their patients in an office setting. Generally, a physician is permitted to directly dispense controlled substances during the normal practice of medicine after securing any required certificates or registrations.
As more states have continued to pass laws legalizing medical use of marijuana, the majority have also established product safety measures to protect consumers. These safety regulations vary from state to state. This dataset analyzes state guidelines for medical marijuana product preparation, testing, packaging, labeling, and advertising, all factors that contribute to overall product safety. This dataset includes states with comprehensive medical marijuana programs; it does not include state laws allowing the medical use of low-THC products in certain situations.
While marijuana use remains illegal at the federal level, 27 states and the District of Columbia have made medical use legal.
This page explores comprehensive medical marijuana laws for patients, including the diseases and symptoms that qualify a patient to use medical marijuana, where medical marijuana can be used, whether non-residents can use medical marijuana, and the possession limits for patients. This dataset includes states with comprehensive medical marijuana programs; it does not include state laws allowing the medical use of low-THC products in certain situations.
There are now 28 jurisdictions that allow patients to use medical marijuana. In addition, 24 states and the District of Columbia have authorized the operation of dispensaries that give citizens access to medical marijuana products. In those jurisdictions, various state departments are often responsible for developing and implementing the regulations for dispensaries. The regulations focusing on registration and licensing, the number of dispensaries allowed, their location, and operation are examined on this page.
In recent years, 27 states and the District of Columbia have legalized medical marijuana. All 28 jurisdictions authorize qualifying patients to appoint a caregiver or caregivers who can help patients acquire, transport or cultivate medical marijuana. Caregivers provide ailing patients with varying degrees of assistance based upon state statutory and regulatory limitations. This dataset analyzes state guidelines for medical marijuana caregivers, including caregiver qualifications and permissible caregiver activities.
Unintentional drug overdose is a leading cause of preventable death in the United States. Overdose bystanders may not call for medical assistance for fear of being arrested for drug-related or other crimes. In response, most states have enacted "Good Samaritan" laws that create immunities or other legal protections for people who call for help in the event of an overdose. Some states have passed comprehensive Good Samaritan overdose prevention laws that provide broad protection.
Unintentional drug overdose is a leading cause of preventable death in the United States. Administering naloxone hydrochloride (“naloxone”) can reverse an opioid overdose and prevent unintentional death. Since 2001, states have enacted naloxone laws to increase access, simplify prescribing and dispensing by health care providers, and encourage its use by individuals in a position to assist a person experiencing a drug overdose.
This preliminary dataset examines the laws and policies on medication assisted treatment (MAT) for opioid use disorder at state correctional facilities. The U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA) has approved three drugs for the treatment of opioid use disorder: buprenorphine, methadone, and naltrexone. Currently, Rhode Island is the only state that offers all three FDA-approved medications for MAT to all state inmates. Some states provide all three medications at some of their correctional facilities.
This dataset examines statutes, regulations, and preferred drug lists regarding Medicaid’s coverage of Medication Assisted Treatment (MAT). This dataset includes questions on which of the ten U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA) approved MAT drugs are covered by Medicaid.
This dataset is cross-sectional, capturing currently effective law valid through August 1, 2019.