Publication Date: 
Thursday, May 9, 2019

This map identifies and displays key features of the federal Supplement Security Income program, with a focus on children with disabilities, that were in effect between January 1, 1996 and November 1, 2018.

The federal Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program assists low-income individuals who are living with a disability, or 65 years old or older. SSI benefits are also available to qualified children with severe disabilities. The federal SSI program has been in effect since the 1970s and has seen substantial growth in the number of child recipients over time. SSI is the only federal monthly cash benefit directed toward families caring for children with disabilities, and is available only for the lowest-income and most severely impaired children. SSI is meant to assist with the high financial and time-based costs for families caring for a child with severe disabilities.