A production boom in directional drilling and hydraulic fracturing (more commonly known as “fracking”) has resulted in shale oil and gas development in regions unaccustomed to the industry as well as in regions that have a century-long relationship with oil and gas extraction. Developing oil and natural gas requires numerous stages – drilling, completion, production, and operation – that have the potential to affect air quality through the release of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) that contribute to the creation of smog, hazardous air pollutants (HAPs), and methane, a potent greenhouse gas.
This comparative dataset focuses on some of the most important law for controlling VOCs, HAPs, and methane, and only examines laws pertaining to air quality for operations and equipment on the well pad site. It does not cover processing, transmission, storage and distribution. The dataset includes federal regulations of the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and statutes and regulations from 17 states. Under authority of the Clean Air Act, EPA rules establish the minimum requirements for the entire country. In many cases, states have adopted the federal rules by reference or explicitly incorporated comparable provisions into their state regulations. Other states, including Arkansas and New York (which are included in this dataset) have not done so, but the requirements of federal law still apply.