All states offer medical exemptions to school immunization requirements, and 48 states offer non-medical exemptions. Prior research has shown that easily granting non-medical exemptions has been associated with higher exemption rates, increasing exemption rates, and incidence of pertussis. Several states with historically high rates of exemptions have recently added restrictions to their exemption policies in an effort to reduce the frequency of exemptions and more effectively control disease.
Infectious Disease Prevention and Control
Infectious diseases like the flu, drug-resistant diseases like tuberculosis, and well-known viruses like HIV/AIDS are still present in our population. Policies and regulations impact prevention and control by observing immunization rates, regulating antibiotics and other drugs and controlling transmission.