This project will assess the effectiveness of unified family courts, as implemented in North Carolina, on health and school outcomes of children aged zero to 7 and health of women aged 18 to 49, through their effects in reducing rates of domestic violence.
Prescription drug overdose deaths, mostly from opioid pain relievers, now outpace motor vehicle fatalities in most states. In about 35 states, electronic databases known as prescription monitoring programs (PMPs) are intended to reduce abuse of prescription drugs and overdose by tracking pharmacy dispensing and making data available to clinicians and law enforcement. This study will provide evidence-based information of effectiveness to administrators and inform policy decisions at the national level.
This study aims to identify where and how the criminalization of HIV exposure has influenced health department policies, protocols, programs, and procedures, both formal and informal, involving staff interactions with persons who have or are at increased risk of contracting HIV. It will also examine how staff members at various levels within public health departments resolve (or leave unresolved) the tensions between criminal law, public health authority, and patient-centered care when considering the prospect of an HIV-positive client knowingly exposing others to HIV.
Despite decades of interventions, research suggests intimate partner violence prevalence rates are increasing and results in increased healthcare costs for up to three years even after the violence has ceased. This study examines the intimate partner violence protection order process and whether legal mechanisms can be enhanced to improve victims’ health outcomes.
This project considers children who are overweight, the most common health problem facing American childeren. States, and to a lesser extent, local governments, have passed a variety of laws aimed at reducing youths’ exposure to high-calorie, low-nutrient foods and encouraging physical activity. What measures work?
This study will take a state-by-state inventory of laws that regulate influenza immunization among people who work in hospitals. It will review policies that individual hospitals and health systems might have to require their employees to receive a flu vaccination, matching those findings with data on rates of vaccination among hospital workers to determine the effect such laws and policies have on vaccination rates.
This project evaluates the impact of laws requiring parental involvement in minors' decisions to obtain an abortion. It tests for an association between parental involvement abortion laws and state policies and the rates of chlamydia and gonorrhea in women aged 15-19 and 20-24.
This study will evaluate a New Jersey Graduated Driver Licensing (GDL) law, which requires probationary teen drivers to display a decal on the vehicle's license plate, making them easily identifiable to police, thereby making it easier for police to enforce the law's restrictions.