Research Library

 
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Reassessing the Effectiveness of Prescription Monitoring Programs

Prescription drug overdose deaths, mostly from opioid pain relievers, now outpace motor vehicle fatalities in most states. In about 35 states, electronic databases known as prescription monitoring programs (PMPs) are intended to reduce abuse of prescription drugs and overdose by tracking pharmacy dispensing and making data available to clinicians and law enforcement. This study will provide evidence-based information of effectiveness to administrators and inform policy decisions at the national level.

 
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With an Eye to the Law: Providing Client-Centered Care in the Shadow of Criminal Prosecution for HIV Exposure

This study aims to identify where and how the criminalization of HIV exposure has influenced health department policies, protocols, programs, and procedures, both formal and informal, involving staff interactions with persons who have or are at increased risk of contracting HIV. It will also examine how staff members at various levels within public health departments resolve (or leave unresolved) the tensions between criminal law, public health authority, and patient-centered care when considering the prospect of an HIV-positive client knowingly exposing others to HIV.

 
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Moving from Intuition to Evidence-Based Practice: Can Family Courts Promote Public Health?

Despite decades of interventions, research suggests intimate partner violence prevalence rates are increasing and results in increased healthcare costs for up to three years even after the violence has ceased. This study examines the intimate partner violence protection order process and whether legal mechanisms can be enhanced to improve victims’ health outcomes.

 
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What is the Impact of State Law and Institutional Policy on Health Care Worker Influenza Immunization Rates?

This study will take a state-by-state inventory of laws that regulate influenza immunization among people who work in hospitals. It will review policies that individual hospitals and health systems might have to require their employees to receive a flu vaccination, matching those findings with data on rates of vaccination among hospital workers to determine the effect such laws and policies have on vaccination rates.

 
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