The research team will use LawAtlas to create a dataset systematically reviewing and analyzing existing state laws and regulations relating to workplace wellness programs. Congress revised the federal law related to employer-based wellness programs, which has spurred national interest that such programs can prevent and control chronic disease and health care costs. However, many gaps and outstanding concerns with the federal law exist, such as a lack of requirement to show program efficacy and concerns over voluntariness. States have enacted laws to address these outstanding issues and shape the requirements for workplace wellness programs in their state. To date, there has not been a comprehensive analysis of these state laws.
This study examined the variability in state laws related to workplace wellness programs for public and private employers. It finds that 33 states and DC had laws related to workplace wellness programs in 2014. State laws varied greatly in their methods to encourage or shape wellness program requirements.