The existence of different types of accreditation legal frameworks, embedded in complex and varying state legal infrastructures and political environments, raises important legal implications for the national voluntary accreditation program.
The findings from the mapping study delineate the accreditation, certification/assessment, performance management, or quality improvement program currently in place and the type of legal framework supporting it. The citations for statutes and regulations are also included. Among the 18 states in the sample, 4 have accreditation programs, 6 have certification/assessment programs, and 8 have performance management/quality improvement programs. Accreditation programs were most likely to have a statutory basis, while performance management and quality improvement programs were most often supported via health department policy. The findings from the case study provide greater detail about each state, reflecting public health structures, programs, legal frameworks, approaches to Public Health Accreditation Board (PHAB) accreditation, and legal strategies for achieving accreditation.